NRCSS - Compost - Paillage

Seed Spices are annual herbs, whose dried seed or fruits are used as spices. They are nature's gift to humankind and add flavour to our food in addition to having preservative and medicinal value.There are about 20 seed spices grown in India. The most prominent among them are cumin, coriander, fennel, fenugreek, ajowan, dill, nigella, celery, aniseed and caraway.

Expert System on Seed Spices

Director Message

Welcome to NRCSS

Seed Spices are annual herbs, whose dried seed or
fruits are used as spices. They are nature's gift to
humankind and add flavour to our food in addition to
having preservative and medicinal value. There are
about 20 seed spices grown in India. The most prominent
among them are cumin, coriander, fennel, fenugreek,
Ajwain, dill, Nigella, celery, aniseed and caraway.
Presently our research is mainly concentrated on development of
high yielding varieties with high essential oil content and resistance to
biotic and abiotic stresses. The Institute has already developed
11varieties of 8 seed spices crops. Controlling cumin wilt and blight
diseases is now receiving major attention. Besides these, agronomic
practices are also being standardized for different crops. Research work
has also started in Plant Pathology, Plant Physiology, Soil Science and
Entomology. Research on protected cultivation and organic farming is
also on the anvil. The seed processing plant has also been established and
the research on post harvest technology of the seed spices particularly
processing and storage is being initiated. The Institute is housed in the
newly constructed Laboratory Cum administrative Building and
equipping of the laboratories are in progress. This National Centre is
now considerably expanding its research programme by initiating
collaboration with a number of research institutions and universities.
The Research Centre has also opened up its portals to post graduate
students who wish to work on seed spices put into
a garden shredder for compost ( .
We have also started a Farmers Club and a Farm Consultancy Service to effectively transfer the
technology developed by us.
We welcome frequent visit to this web site and suggestions if any
shall be highly appreciated.



S.No. Name Venue Organizer Details
1 Farmer's Training NRCSS, Ajmer Dr. G. Lal, Dr. S.S> Meena and Sh. M.A. Khan 28-30 March, 2010
2 Off Campus Training Programme KVK, Jaisalmer Dr. G. Lal, Dr. S.S> Meena and M.A. Khan 18-19 October, 2010
3 Off Campus Training on seed spices in dry land Are KVK, Hyderabad Dr. S.S. Meena 15-16 Nov., 2010
4 Off ampus Farmers Training KVK, Jhansi Dr. Ravindra Kumar Feb, 2010

Right to Information Act

S.No. Designation Name/Address
1 Appellate Authority Dr. M.M. Anwer, Director, NRCSS Phone: +91 145 2443240, 2681001 (O) Fax: +91 145 2443238
2 Public Information Officer Dr.Y.K. Sharma, Senior Scientist (Pathology) Phone:+91 0145-2443240, 2681001 (O) Fax: +91 145 2443238

S.No. Report under Section 25(3) of the Right to Information Act. 2005 for the period, 31.12.05 - 31.03.06
1 The number of requests made to each public authority
2 The number of decisions where applicants were not entitled to access to the documents pursuant to the requests, the provisions of this Act under which these decisions were made and the number of times such provisions were invoked.
3 The number of appeals referred to the Central Information Commission or State Information Commission as the case may be, for review, the nature of the appeals and the outcome of the appeals
4 Particulars of any disciplinary action taken against any officer in respect of the administration of this Act.
5 The amount of charges collected by each public authority under this Act.
6 Any facts which indicate an effort by the public authorities to administer and implement the spirit and intention of this Act.
7 Recommendations for reform, including recommendations in respect of the particulars public authorities, for the development, improvement, modernization reform or amendment to this Act or other legislation or common law or any other matter relevant for operationalising the right to access infromation.

Seed Spices Scenario

India is known as the 'Land of Spices'. Out of the 109 spices listed by the
International Organization for Standardization (ISO), India produces as many as 63
owing to its varied agro climatic regions. Almost all the States and Union Territories
(UTs) of the country grow one or the other spices. It is a source of livelihood and
employment for large number of people in the country, both for rural population, who
grow them, and the urban populations, who process and trade them.
Out of the total 63 spices grown in India, 20 are classified as seed spices with
36 per cent share in area and 17 per cent share in production of total spices in India. It
is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of Seed Spices and their products. It
produces a wide variety of seed spices like coriander, cumin, fennel, fenugreek, dill,
nigella, ajowain, anise, celery, caraway, poppy seeds, rai (Brassica nigra), mustard
(white & yellow), sesame, parsley, Bunium persicum, etc. The first ten listed crops
are in the mandate of the centre and it is proposed to include the next seven crops in
our mandate. Seed spices crops are extensively cultivated in the arid to semi arid
region of India during rabi season covering 865 thousand hectares with production
of 577 thousand tonnes annually.
Seed spices and economy
India exports raw spices as well value added items to the nearly 70 countries
in the world and meeting 51% of the global demand. Average export growth is 8.5%
annually. The share of seed spices export to total spices is only 18 per cent in terms
of quantity. During the year 2009-10, the spices export from India has registered an
all time high both in terms of quantity and value. In 2008-09 the export of spices from
India has been 470,520 tonnes valued US $ 1168 million registering an increase of
19% in rupee value and 6 % in quantity over 2007-08. India commands a formidable
position in the World Spice Trade with 47% share in volume and 40% in Value. It has
increased from 203,398 tonnes valued US $ 241million in 1995-96, registering an
annual average growth rate of 10.10% and 29.59% in quantity and value terms,


Realizing the potential of seed spices crops for providing income security to the people of arid to semi-arid zone, the Indian Planning Commission, as recommended by the working group of Department of Agricultural Research and Education, approved establishment of National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Ajmer (NRCSS) during IXth five year plan to initiate research work on seed spices especially aimed at improving the productivity and quality with reference to export value and domestic demand. The Centre came in to existance on 22 April 2000.